UN Sea Law Lays Down the Rules for the Planet’s OceansJuly 10, 2016
[This is a repost from https://sg.news.yahoo.com/un-sea-law-lays-down-rules-planets-oceans-030907106.html written by Sophie Mignon.]
This is of personal interest to me because this involves my country, the Philippines, with the UNCLOS ruling expected on July 12 to come out from The Hague after three years of deliberation. In 2013, our country asked the UN tribunal to arbitrate on China’s claim to territories within their so-called Nine Dash Line — a case of David and Goliath —. But like our new President Rodrigo Duterte, I am not for war. We had in the past [World War II] been dragged into it because of the US military presence here; I hope it won’t happen again this time. US War against Japan then, US War against China this time in case of provocation — with us in between is quite unjust. It will simply be their display of power, with us taking the brunt of the harm War can bring. Love not War should prevail!
Centuries before international laws, pirates ruled the high seas, plundering and pillaging wherever they went.
Into this dangerous, unruly seascape steamed the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which will be the basis for a historic court judgement on Tuesday in a dispute between China and the Philippines over the South China Sea.
Here are the answers to four questions about the obscure convention known by its acronym UNCLOS:
– What does it do? –
With at least 320 articles and nine annexes, the convention covers all aspects of regulating the planet’s vast oceans and maritime waters.
It is the authority on everything from national sovereignty over the exploitation of natural resources, navigation and disputes between nations.
According to the UN website, the convention “lays down a comprehensive regime of law and order in the world’s oceans and seas, establishing rules governing all uses of the oceans and their resources.” [For the full article, copy the URL link above]